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Armed Constabulary parading outside Cambridge Stockade

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On 10 October 1867 the Armed Constabulary Act was passed and the Waikato Militia disbanded.
Lieutenant-Colonel William Moule raised two divisions of Armed Constabulary and commanded one himself (No. 4 division) with Headquarters in Cambridge. The other (No. 5 division) was commanded by Major von Tempsky at Alexandra (Pirongia).
In 1869 -1870 the force was increased to 200 because of the presence of Te Kooti and in April 1870 Lieutenant-Colonel Lyon took command of the New Zealand Armed Constabulary which took over from the Auckland Provincial Police. Their first job was to repair the telegraph communications between Cambridge and Te Awamutu, and Cambridge and Hamilton.

The murder of Timothy Sullivan on 24 April 1873 brought renewed tension, and again during the Te Kooti scare, families were brought into the barracks at night. New redoubts were built at Pukekura, Paekuku, Roto-o-Rangi, and the ford across the Punui River, but these were withdrawn in 1875 and 1876.

The activities wound down and the Armed Constabulary's general duties were keeping communications open and making roads; the town constable keeping the peace, law and order; digging gardens, wheeling gravel, fencing paddocks, planting trees, and attending to guard duties. Approximately 22 men were stationed in Cambridge and from the 'office' in the corner of the lumber-room the town constable and watch house duties were administered.

By mid 1884 a full troop of N Z Constabulary Force was no longer required in Cambridge and all movable buildings and most of the personnel were transferred to Kihikihi. Constable William Brennan who had served in Cambridge since June 1876, carried on with policing duties.
By the middle of 1886 the whole Armed Constabulary force had been transferred to the regular police or to military forces, or had been discharged.
18 May 1886 a Police Force Bill and a Defence Bill were introduced to Parliament. Both were passed and the NZ Police Force came into being on 1 September 1886.

 

Researched and written by Eris Parker
Ref: National Archives Wellington

 

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Cambridge Armed Constabulary Members

(The original Nominal Roll is held at National Archives Wellington)


A B C D E F G H I J K L M Mc N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 

A

 

 

AINSWORTH

Walter

1358

ANDERSON

Cornelius

1386

ANDERSON

Farquhar Campbell

1352

ANDERSON

John

24

AVERY Alfred  
    Back
     

B

 

 

BELLERBY

Joseph

1484

BILLING

Thomas John

1347

BLAKER

Reginald Campbell

1331

BRENNAN

Patrick

1174

BRENNAN

William

611

BURNS

Francis

1038

    Back
     

C

 

 

CALLANDER

Michael

1649

CAMPBELL

Alexander

1628

CARMINISCH

Martin

1590

CHITTY

Charles

94

CLARE William  

CLAUSING

Henry

134

CLUNE

George

397

COLLINS

Charles

308

COLLINS

James

 

COLLINS

William Godfrey

1156

COLTAN

Edward

1231

COLTART

Robert

1059

COLTMAN

Robert

331

COOKE

G

1190

COOPER

George Edward

107

COUGHLAN

John

1526

COUPER

James Robertson

1322

CUDWORTH

Walter

496

CURTIS

William

1346

    Back
     

D

 

 

DAVIDSON

Hickey

1595

DAVY

Edwin

2264

De LANEY

G E McC

 

DIGNAN

 

 

DISMORE / DISMORR

Nathanial

 

DIVER Frank  

DIXON

Robert

395

DONOVAN

Denis

1463

DRAPER

James

743

DREW

James

140

    Back
     

E - F

 

EAST

Robert

1333

EDWARDS Benjamin  

FARR

Alfred Elias

1690

FEEHAN

Malachi

1691

FINIGAN

Patrick

1591

FITZPATRICK

Thomas

1398

FLETCHER

John

1338

FOLEY

Michael

578

FOREMAN

Henry

1650

FRANKLIN

Walter

1421

    Back
     

G

 

 

GARBETT

Joseph

32

GARDNER

Charles

1646

GARLAND

Henry

277

GEAR

George Rancroft

1532

GIBSON

James

1406

GOLDSMITH

James William P

408

GORTON

Arthur

1420

GRAY

Robert

1172

    Back
     

H

 

 

HARDING

John

 

HARRISON

Thomas

1468

HASTIE George  

HEANEY

Alexander

9

HESKETH

James

453

HORSCROFT

Charles

307

HOZANA

Daniel William

 

HUTCHINSON

Allen

1535

HUTTON

John

157

    Back
     

J K

 

 

JOHNSON

William

2428

JULIAN

Charles

2083

JULIAN

John

1651

KANE

James

1639

KERR

John

89

KING

William

 

KNIGHT

Alexander Gregory

1175

    Back
     

L

 

 

LASH

William

1047

LAWTON

James

254

Le MASURIER

Philip

1311

LEANING

George Henry

 

LEES / LEIS

Thomas

2258

LEONHARDT

Charles Edward

1477

LLOYD

George

 

    Back
     

M

 

 

MACKAY

William

1372

MANN

Arthur Campbell

1164

MARSHALL

William

91

MAYNE

George Taylor

1466

MOLESWORTH

Charles Edward

531

MOONEY

Patrick

1535

MOORE

Joshua

1374

MULLINS

John

1381

MURPHY

Patrick

1330

    Back
     

Mac

 

 

MacINTOSH

C D

 

McDONELL

Edward

1534

McKEARNEY

Peter

 

McKEARNEY

William

1955

McKELVY

Daniel

1371

McKINNON John  

McPHEE

John

921

McREYNOLDS

John Marcus

1360

McSWEENEY

Eugene

259

    Back
     

N O

 

 

NEILL

John Thomas

1449

NEWALL

Stuart

306

NICKLE

George

 

O'BRINE

Andrew

1550

O'CONNOR

John

1334

O'DONOGHUE

John

1357

OLSON

Otto

1547

O'NEIL

Charles

464

O'NEILL

William Henry

1825

O'TOOLE

Patrick Joseph

1936

    Back
     

P Q

 

PACEY

William

1411

PEACOCK

Henry Shaw

1592

POOLE William Geo.  

POPE

Frederick Sherwood Willis

1551

QUALTROUGH

Richard

416

QUICKFALL

Joseph

1353

    Back
     

R

 

 

RAYNAR

James ( Frederick )

1378

RETFORD

Charles

1423

RICHDALE

William

1957

RIST

J W

 

ROBERTS

John Mackintosh

 

ROSE Charles Edward Stuart  

ROSMUSSON

H

1335

ROYSTON

Samuel

832

    Back
     

S T

 

SALMON

Henry

 

SHEEHAN

Bartholomew

1052

SHORT

John

421

SKELTON

Thomas

73

SOFFE

John

1538

SPURDLE

Edwin James

1692

SQUIBB

George

1577

STRANCHON

Thomas Henry

144

STUART John Alexander  

SUTHERLAND

Donald

569

TAYLOR

Frederick Thomas

1365

TIMMINS Patrick
1554
    Back
     

W

 

 

WALKER

Henry

 

WALNOR

Thomas

586

WALSH

John

1315

WARD

Thomas

1638

WAREING

James

1328

WATT

Donald

1544

WATTS

F

1320

WEBB

James Thomas

87

WEBB

John

1627

WELHAM

T

1207

WHELAN

Thomas

102

WHELAN

Thomas

1414

WILLIAMSON

David

1991

WOODWARD

Henry

1648

WRIGHT

Thomas

2052

    Back

 

 

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